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What is ritornello in music5 min read

Jul 25, 2022 4 min

What is ritornello in music5 min read

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Ritornello (Italian for "little return" or "little coming back") is a recurring melody or set of melodies in the first or last movements of sonata-form classical-era concertos. The ritornello melody is often used to frame and comment on the solo material played by the orchestra or soloist.

The term "ritornello" was first used in the early 18th century. The form of the ritornello was not standardized, but typically it was a musical section that was repeated several times. In the first movement of a classical concerto, the ritornello usually appears in the opening and closing sections, and may also appear in the middle section. 

The ritornello melody is often quite simple, and is usually in the same key as the main melody. In the later 18th century and early 19th century, the ritornello melody began to be used as the basis for variations. The variations often featured new melodies, but sometimes the original ritornello melody was reused. 

The ritornello form was particularly popular in the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven. In the 20th century, the ritornello form fell out of favor, but it has occasionally been used in works by modern composers.

What is a ritornello form in music?

What is a ritornello form in music?

The ritornello form is a musical form that is typically used in the Baroque period. It is a type of binary form, and it is defined by the return of a melody or refrain at the end of each section. The ritornello form is often used in concertos and sonatas, and it can be used to create a sense of unity between the sections of the piece.

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How do you identify a ritornello?

A ritornello (Italian for "little return") is a musical form that is used in the Baroque period and Classical period. It is a refrain or theme that is repeated at the end of each section of a movement.

To identify a ritornello, you need to listen for the melody that is repeated at the end of each section. The melody will usually be in the same key as the section that it is repeated in, and it will usually be in the same time signature. Additionally, the melody will usually have a distinct rhythm that is different from the other melodies in the movement.

How does ritornello work?

Ritornello (Italian for "little return") is a musical term used in both the fugue and sonata forms. It is a short, recurring musical phrase or theme that is used to unify a composition or movement. The term is also used in jazz and popular music.

In the fugue, the ritornello is the main theme or subject that is played at the beginning and end of the piece. It is also played in the middle of the fugue, often as a contrast to the other fugal themes. The ritornello is usually in the same key as the fugue and is usually in a different meter than the other themes.

In the sonata form, the ritornello is a recurring theme that is played at the beginning and end of the movement. It is also played in the middle of the movement, often as a contrast to the other thematic material. The ritornello is usually in the same key as the movement and is usually in a different meter than the other themes.

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What is ritornello quizlet?

What is ritornello quizlet?

Ritornello quizlet is a musical term that is used to describe a recurring musical phrase or theme. This theme is often used to help unify a musical composition or movement. The term can be used to describe music from any time period or style, and is not limited to any specific form or genre.

One of the best-known examples of a ritornello is the main theme from the second movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5. This theme is heard at the beginning of the movement, and then again near the end.

What genre uses ritornello?

What genre uses ritornello?

Ritornello is a musical term that is used in a variety of genres, but it is most commonly found in opera and classical music. A ritornello is a recurring musical theme that is used to connect different sections of a piece of music. It can be used as a way to unify disparate parts of a composition, or to provide a sense of stability and familiarity in the midst of change.

Ritornello is also used as a structural tool in opera. In opera, the ritornello is often used to introduce new characters or to provide a musical backdrop for important scenes. It can also be used to underscore the emotional content of a scene, or to highlight the drama and tension of a moment.

While the ritornello is most commonly found in opera and classical music, it can also be used in other genres, such as jazz and blues. In these genres, it can be used as a way to create a sense of unity or coherence in a piece of music, or to add a sense of stability and familiarity in the midst of change.

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What is the ritornello in a Baroque concerto?

The ritornello is a key element in the Baroque concerto. It is a recurring theme that is played at the beginning, middle and end of the piece. The ritornello provides a sense of unity and cohesion to the concerto. It also helps to unify the different sections of the piece.

What is ritornello procedure in Baroque music?

Ritornello procedure is a technique used in Baroque music that involves the repetition of a musical phrase or section. The ritornello procedure was used to unify a composition and to provide stability and coherence to the structure of a piece. The ritornello procedure was often used as an introduction or a conclusion to a piece of music.

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